In this article, we are going to discuss the details of how is the geometry used in construction. There are many factors that make it crucial to understand how the geometry of a building influences the results. The science of the construction and engineering field is largely influenced by the geometrical principles.
If we had to describe building a structure, we would have to firstly look at the fundamental building blocks and then describe each of them in detail. The foundation of the structure is the foundation walls and the foundations of the floors are on the floor. The various materials and various shapes also play a major role in the construction process. The angles, slopes and heights of the building play a major role in all aspects of construction. Geometry therefore comes into play because it gives shape to these elements and also determines their functionality.
There are three main types of buildings and they are the classical forms, the modern forms and the contemporary forms. The classical forms are those which are usually present in the history of a civilization and the modern forms are those that are developed over time. These can be explained in terms of their various architectural attributes which range from the pre-concrete designs, to the post-modern forms of the building.
The different aspects of each type of building are explained in terms of the usage of the building as a structural component. For example, the classical structure has its main architectural component consisting of the central pole and the columns. Similarly, the modern structures have their major architectural component consisting of the skin and the bricks which are attached to the wall using an adhesive.
We can also see the different materials that are used in the construction process of these buildings. The skin of the building is normally constructed of wood and the bricks are usually constructed using masonry. Wood also provides the floor covering while masonry is used for the construction of the roofs and walls. The material also provides the insulation that is necessary for the structures to function properly.
Finally, we can see the results of these different building in terms of the energy efficiency. For example, if we take the classical buildings, the results are predominantly one side of the building receiving less than 50% of the sun’s energy while the other receives the majority of the solar radiation. This could be explained in terms of the different architectural factors such as the height of the building, the ventilation systems and also the siding.
On the other hand, the modern structures on the other hand have the different types of materials used in their construction. This includes steel and concrete, which are both viable materials for building structures. Their results however, depend on the way the structural engineers have planned the building and the final design.
By now, you should be able to grasp the different types of structures and also the different types of materials used. The primary factors that define a structure are the three basic elements which are the foundation, the skin and the materials. Once these three elements are defined, the next step is to control the final design and then ensure the best result of the building by controlling the different elements that affect the building.
T. H. Eagles, Cycloid construction, from Constructive Geometry of
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Compass used for design work or architecture lying on stone table